2017

Inna Slutsky [Tel Aviv University]11 July, 2017
Maintaining the balance between stability and plasticity in hippocampal networks
How neuronal circuits maintain the balance between stability and plasticity in a constantly changing environment remains a fundamental question in neuroscience. Empiri...
Alfonso Renart [Champalimaud]4 July, 2017
The Cost of Control in Perceptual Decision Making
Normative models of behavior specify optimal policies for agents under specific contingencies and reward schedules. In reinforcement learning (RL), agents are typicall...
Alexis Dubreuil [Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris]26 June, 2017
A sensorimotor hub driving phototaxis in zebrafish
Animals continuously gather sensory cues in order to move towards favorable environments. Efficient goal-directed navigation requires sensory perception and motor comm...
Tatiana Engel [Stanford University]23 June, 2017
Discovering dynamic computations in the brain from large-scale neural recordings
Neural responses and behavior are influenced by internal brain states, such as arousal, vigilance, or task context. Ongoing variations of these internal states affect ...
Romain Cazé [Imperial College London]30 May, 2017
Dendrites enable a robust mechanism for neuronal stimulus selectivity
Hearing, vision, touch – underlying all of these senses is stimulus selectivity, a robust information processing operation in which cortical neurons respond more to so...
Marije ter Wal [Radboud University]23 May, 2017
Buzzing brains in a busy world: could synchronization between circuits underlie dynamic neural communication?
Our brains function in an ever changing world. The inputs from our senses are never the same twice, and in addition, the appropriate response to an input depends on th...
Tatjana Tchumatchenko [MPI Frankfurt]15 May, 2017
Shaping Network Dynamics via Individual Neurons"
Despite recent experimental advances, understanding how connectivity and single neuron properties interact in neural circuits remains a mayor challenge in neurobiology...
Wulfram Gerstner [EPFL]10 May, 2017
Synaptic plasticity controlled by surprise
During Hebbian plasticity, pre- and postsynaptic activity work together to cause a change of the weights. However, neuromodulators signaling reward, novelty, or supri...
Rui Costa [University of Oxford]2 May, 2017
Statistical excitatory and inhibitory long-term synaptic plasticity
Long-term modifications in neuronal connections are critical for reliable memory storage in the brain. However, their locus of expression – pre- or postsynaptic – is h...

2016

Christina Buetfering [University College London]22 July, 2016
Parvalbumin interneurons provide grid cell–driven recurrent inhibition in the medial entorhinal cortex
Grid cells in the medial entorhinal cortex (MEC) generate metric spatial representations. Recent attractor-network models suggest an essential role for GABAergic inter...
Albert Gidon [HU Berlin]15 July, 2016
Design principles for inhibition in dendrites
Synaptic inhibition plays a key role in shaping the dynamics of neuronal networks in the brain. Typically, an inhibitory axon contacts a particular dendritic subdomain...
Sami El Boustani [EPFL]8 July, 2016
Stimulus-dependent inhibitory action of mouse V1 interneurons
GABAergic interneurons play a key role in shaping sensory processing and plasticity of the mature and developing brain. Interneurons can be divided into classes that d...
Jens Kremkow [Humboldt-University of Berlin & NWFZ]1 July, 2016
The role of balanced and correlated excitation and inhibition in brain function
The dynamic interaction of excitatory and inhibitory neurons in the neuronal circuits of the brain forms the basis for sensory processing, perception and behavior. In ...
Alberto Bacci [ENP Paris]3 June, 2016
Long-term Plasticity of Neocortical GABAergic Synapses
In the neocortex, the coexistence of temporally locked excitation and inhibition governs complex network activity underlying cognitive functions, and is believed to be...
Jochen Triesch [IZN Frankfurt]27 May, 2016
Where's the Noise? Key Features of Spontaneous Activity and Neural Variability Arise through Learning in a Deterministic Network
Even in the absence of sensory stimulation the brain is spontaneously active. This background “noise” seems to be the dominant cause of the notoriously high trial-to-t...
Brent Doiron [University of Pittsburgh]23 May, 2016
Self-organized circuit structure in networks of spiking neurons with plastic synapses
The wiring of cortex is overwhelmingly complex. In particular, the circuit structure of cortical networks has both an over and under representation of certain motifs,...
Tim O'Leary [University of Cambridge]21 March, 2016
Neuromodulation, circadian rhythms and nervous system robustness
Neuromodulation can profoundly alter the intrinsic and synaptic properties of a neural circuit, leading to changes in physiological function that underlie motor behavi...
Robert Guetig [MPI Goettingen]12 February, 2016
Spiking neurons can discover predictive features by aggregate-label learning
abstract: The brain routinely discovers sensory clues that predict opportunities or dangers. However, it is unclear how neural learning processes can bridge the typica...
Walter Senn [University of Bern]5 February, 2016
Learning by the dendritic prediction of somatic firing
I will present a biological form of learning in a dendritic tree with conductance-based synapses. The neuron is considered as an intrinsic prediction element that rece...
Christina Savin [IST Austria]22 January, 2016
Unsupervised learning in neural circuits: emergent computation through the interaction between different forms of plasticity
Confronted with the continuous flow of experience, the brain takes amorphous sensory inputs and translates them into coherent objects and scenes. This process requires...
Yonatan Loewenstein [Hebrew University]1 January, 2016
Modeling operant learning: from synaptic plasticity to behavior
I will present two computational models that provide a quantitative description of learning behavior of humans and animals in operant learning tasks. The first model p...

2015

Claudia Clopath [Imperial College, London]4 December, 2015
Emergence of functional connections in neural networks with synaptic plasticity
Recent novel experimental techniques allowed to study the relationship between neurons’ property and connectivity. In particular, in the layer II/III of primary visua...
Pedro Goncalves [Gatsby, UCL]14 July, 2015
Dynamics of an oculomotor integrator revealed by instantaneous optogenetic perturbations.
The oculomotor integrator (OI) in the hindbrain transforms incoming horizontal eye movement commands into position signals to maintain stable eye fixations after sacca...
Lorenz Goenner [TU Chemnitz]7 July, 2015
Place-Cell Sequences Signal Behavioral Goals: A Model of Goal Memory in Cortico-Hippocampal Circuits
Hippocampal place-cell sequences observed during awake immobility often represent previous spatial experiences, but have recently also been linked to path planning in ...
Elisa Tartaglia [Institut de la Vision, Paris]30 June, 2015
Modulation of Network Excitability by Persistent Activity: How Working Memory Affects the Response to Incoming Stimuli
Over short time periods, memories are stored by sustained patterns of spiking activity which, once initiated by the stimulus, persist over the entire retention interva...
Klaus Wimmer [IDIBAPS, Barcelona]23 June, 2015
Network dynamics underlying the relationship between neuronal and behavioral variability
The trial-to-trial variability of cortical neurons correlates with variability of behavioral reports. This relationship can arise from sensory variability biasing beha...
Jean-Pascal Pfister [University of Zurich, ETH Zurich]17 June, 2015
Matching storage and recall in spiking neural networks
Synapses are highly dynamical elements with extraordinary complexity. The up- or down-regulation of synaptic strength depends on more than 100 different interacting pr...
Valerio Mante [University of Zurich]5 May, 2015
A new look at gating: selective integration of sensory signals through network dynamics
A hallmark of decision-making in primates is contextual sensitivity: a given stimulus can lead to different decisions depending on the context in which it is presented...
Guillaume Hennequin [University of Cambridge]5 May, 2015
Why should motor cortex normally be nonnormal?
Populations of neurons in motor cortex engage in complex transient dynamics of large amplitude during the execution of limb movements. Traditional, randomly connected ...